Vietnam makes slow progress in human development index: report

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Despite progress in the Human Development Index (HDI) between 1990 and 2012, Vietnam is still in the medium group, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

 

The ministry released Wednesday statistics from the United Nations Development Program's 2013 Human Development Report, which presents HDI values and ranks for 187 countries and UN-recognized territories.

 

According to the report, Vietnam's HDI value for 2012 was 0.617 - in the medium human development category - positioning the country at 127 out of 187 countries and territories.

 

Between 1990 and 2012, Vietnam's HDI value increased from 0.439 to 0.617, an increase of 41 percent or average annual increase of about 1.6 percent.

 

Between 1980 and 2012, Vietnam's life expectancy at birth increased by 19.7 years, mean years of schooling increased by 1.2 years and expected years of schooling increased by 3.2 years. Vietnam's Gross National Income (GNI) per capita increased by about 251 percent between 1990 and 2012.

 

The HDI is a summary measure for assessing long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.

 

To ensure as much cross-country comparability as possible, the HDI is based primarily on international data from the United Nations Population Division, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics (UIS) and the World Bank.

 

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