Vietnam discharges over 13,000 tons of solid waste a day, much of which is toxic and not treated thoroughly, Vietnam News Agency reported on Thursday.
The waste mainly comes from light industries, chemical manufacturers and metallurgical industries, while trade villages were estimated to produce some 2,800 tons per day, especially those that recycle metals and cast bronze in the northern region.
Solid waste from the import of illegal scraps like used or damaged batteries were also reported to account for a "considerable" amount of the waste.
Statistics from the environmental police division in the northern city of Hai Phong pointed out that nearly 2,300 containers with about 37,000 tons of used lead batteries were caught being smuggled through the local port between 2003 and 2006.
Another 340 containers of scraps and tens of containers of used batteries and electronic chips were discovered in 2008 and 2009.
Since 2010, the Hai Phong port has confiscated more than 300 containers of scraps that do not meet the quality requirements of Vietnamese environmental laws, according to the news report.
In the meantime, Vietnam is facing various challenges in managing solid waste, including a "serious" shortage of funds, the report quoted the Vietnam Environment Administration as saying.
The agency said the Environmental Protection Funds have difficulty mobilizing additional funds every year.
Meanwhile, environmental fees collected from businesses cover just 60 percent of expenses needed to operate and maintain related systems.
The report also pointed to the imbalanced distribution of the state funds assigned for waste treatment. More than 90 percent of the budget is spent collecting and transporting wastes, so there are not enough funds for the treatment work.
On the other hand, medium and small producers do not care about treating solid waste, and treatment technologies used in Vietnam are still flawed, according to the news agency.
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