Vietnam has pledged to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 8 percent below normal levels by the year 2030, as part of contributions to the UN target of keeping global warming below two degrees Celsius.
Nguyen Khac Hieu, deputy chief of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment’s Hydrometeorology and Climate Change Department, announced on Monday that Vietnam had submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
UNFCCC has urged 195 countries to come up with goals in the run up to the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, or COP21, in Paris, from November 30 to December 11.
The Paris agreement will come into effect in 2020, empowering all countries to act to prevent average global temperatures rising above 2 degrees Celsius and to reap the many opportunities that arise from a necessary global transformation to clean and sustainable development.
According to its INDC report, Vietnam committed to reduce the emissions by 8 percent, equal to about 787.4 million tons of carbon dioxide, which Hieu called “ambitious.”
The figure could rise to 25 percent if there was more international support, the report said.
Hieu said Vietnam can only allocate US$3.2 million among the total $21 billion needed to achieve the 25-percent goal, and the rest must be sought from international donors.
According to its INDC report, Vietnam’s average temperature picked up by around 0.5 percent and sea level rose by around 20 centimeters over the last 50 years.