Many people are smuggled from Vietnam to Cambodia and China to work as prostitutes and forced labor at mines, Ho Sy Tien, director of the Crime Branch Police Department, said.
“Human trafficking has been on the rise and become more sophisticated, with smugglers employing new tricks, challenging investigators,” he said at a conference on the issue held recently in Can Tho city.
Many women are smuggled across the border with Laos for sex work while men are sent to mines, he said.
Many women in the Mekong Delta are tricked into working as prostitutes in Cambodia, Nguyen Xuan Bac of the Border Guards High Command said.
He blamed the problem on high unemployment, low awareness about trafficking and the increasing number of casinos and dancing clubs opening abroad.
Between January 2014 and June 2015 alone border guards reported more than 1,000 women and children were trafficked abroad, mostly to Cambodia and China.
The number included both victims they rescued and those reported as trafficked by their families.
According to the General Police Department, the criminals keep changing their modus operandi to force victims into prostitution, including by brokering marriages.
Deputy Minister of Public Security Le Quy Vuong said Vietnam’s bilateral agreements with neighbors, including Cambodia and Laos, on human trafficking should be better enforced.
There should be a hotline to share information between police agencies, he said.
Last year Vietnamese police recorded human trafficking involving 685 criminals and 1,031 victims.
Cases involving 508 victims were reported in the first half of this year.