A report from the National Traffic Safety Committee said 65 people were killed in 124 traffic accidents during the three-day New Year weekend, most of them on roads.
Road crashes accounted for 62 deaths, while two railroad incidents killed two others and one was killed in a boat crash.
The committee said 94 others were injured on the road.
The police also fined violators in more than 100 cases during the holiday.
Traffic accidents are often described as a “national disaster” in Vietnam where an average of 24 people are killed every day, or one every hour. The number usually increases during long holidays like the recent one when more people travel and many hit the road after getting drunk at parties.
The government hopes to reduce the annual death toll to 5,000 over the next five years.