Vietnam is seeking US$500 million in assistance from domestic and international sources to help clear war-era bombs and mines and reduce the difficulties for its people and land contaminated by unexploded ordnance, officials said on Monday.
Vietnam already has available $200 million to demine 500,000 hectares (1,930 square miles) in 14 provinces by 2015, or 7.6 percent of the total affected land, Deputy Labour Minister Bui Hong Linh told an international seminar.
Unexploded ordnance UXO.L has killed more than 42,000 people and injured more than 62,000 nearly four decades after the war ended, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung told the gathering.
"The task for the coming time is a difficult one," Dung said. "The Vietnamese government always appreciates and wishes to continue receiving valuable help and support from the international community to overcome the consequences of bombs and mines left from the war."
Vietnamese officials named no specific amounts sought from the international community.
The US army used around 16 million tons of weaponry in the war that ended in 1975, Dung said. The country's impoverished central region was subject to particularly heavy bombing and mining.
Experts have estimated it will take hundreds of years to clear up unexploded bombs and mines which have contaminated a fifth of the total area of Vietnam, the world's second-largest producer of coffee and the second-biggest rice exporter.
The Southeast Asian country launched a UXO action program in 2010 to raise awareness, apply the latest demining technology and reduce accidents that have hit mostly children and workers.
US Ambassador David Shear told the seminar Washington had already provided $62 million to help survivors of UXO accidents. The US Humanitarian Mine Action Program has provided a further $37 million since 1989, the embassy said.