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Balance and steadiness are the keys to fighting low blood pressure

 
Doing regular physical exercise like walking and jogging also helps the regular flow of blood in the body, reducing hypotension. Photo: Shutterstock

Having low blood pressure a condition known as hypotension may cause symptoms such as dizziness, lightheadedness, uneasiness and paleness.

Associate Prof. Nguyen Hoai Nam said hypotension can be caused by other chronic diseases like bronchitis, liver fibrosis, heart failure, cancer and diabetes.

Several symptoms may sometimes appear at the same time (in acute low blood pressure), causing extreme fatigue and exhaustion in the patient. More often than not, the patient requires hospitalization. But patients with chronic hypotension sometimes feel just a little dizzy or uneasy and at times their vision might blur for a little while.

 "It is not hard to see the symptoms [of hypotension]," said Nam. "Patients can't see them easily and tell physicians."

He also said that the patient's blood pressure must be measures while he or she is in the lying down position

"It is significant to note that the symptoms of hypotension can be similar to other ailments so it is necessary to measure the blood pressure."

The World Health Organization defines hypotension as having a systolic (maximum) blood pressure lower than 90 mmHg and a diastolic (minimum) blood pressure lower than 60 mmHg.

The WHO does not see hypotension as a sign of heart injury.

Causes

According to Dr Nam, there are several causes of low blood pressure, but the causes are not clear in some cases. He said people with hypotension are usually thin and pale, and most of them are young girls who are highly sensitive to stress.

Hypotension may be the result of an acute dehydration, which causes ailments like diarrhea and vomiting. Some people suffer hypotension when they sit up quickly after lying down, or stand up quickly after sitting. It usually happens in the early morning and there is no clear cause.

Patients have blurred vision, feel dizzy, their heart thumps and they sweat a lot. Those symptoms last for just a few minutes.

Without a careful examination and good advice from doctors, patients with such symptoms may become very worried. They may visit several doctors but it is hard to diagnose the disease because their blood pressure can be quite normal for the duration of a visit to a doctor.

Treatment

Dr Nam suggests that people who might have hypotension should make sure they eat enough food. People, especially young girls trying to lose weight, should not eat too little.

People diagnosed with hypotension without a clear cause should exercise or practice yoga and should not drink alcohol.

According to thaythuoccuaban.com (yourphysician.com), people with hypotension should eat more salt than people with normal blood pressure. However, if you have a heart problem, you should consult your physician.

People with hypotension are also advised to drink more water (about 10 glasses a day). Also they should drink water containing sodium and potassium, especially after physical exercise and on hot summer days.

Regular physical exercise also helps the regular flow of blood in the body, reducing hypotension. Walking, swimming, jogging, working out to rhythmic music and playing badminton can help a lot.

Also, while lying down, people with hypotension should take several deep breaths before sitting up and walking. It helps increase blood flows to different parts of the body, getting it ready.

They should eat food rich in carbohydrate like potatoes, rice and bread. They should not eat or drink anything with diuretic effects. They should eat watery fruit, chicken and fish, and also shouldn't take alcoholic drinks, which cause dehydration. Drinks like strong tea, coffee and grape juice are very good for people with hypotension.

M.D Dang Quoc Bao said people should eat three to four meals at regular hours every day. They should not miss meals often and should never eat too little to lose weight quickly.

If hypotension is caused by lack of blood (often found in women), it is advisable to eat food with a high iron content like lean meat, animal liver, má»™c nhĩ (Jew's Ear), nấm hương khô (dried shiitake), celery, rau Ä‘ay (tossa jute), rau dền (spiny amaranth), pomegranate and jujube.

Dr Bao also suggests doing regular physical exercise like walking and jogging, but he advises people not to do exercise after a meal or while hungry.

Here are some hypotension remedies recommended by traditional medicine doctor Thuy An.

Remedy 1: Boil 30g of lotus seeds, 10g of red jujubes and six slices of ginger together to make tea. Drink it twice a day.

Remedy 2: Boil 25g of ngũ vị tử (schizandra chinensis baill), 15g of nhục quế (cortex cinnamomi), 15g of quế chi (ramulus cinnamon) and 15g of cam thảo (licorice) together to make tea. Drink 2-3 times a day for 3-7 days. Once blood pressure is normal, it is advisable to drink it for another 3-6 days.

Remedy 3: Boil 12g of thục địa (the roots of rehmannia glutinóa libosch), 6g of cam thảo (licorice), 12g of bạch truật (white atractylodes), 12g of Ä‘ương quy (radix angelicae sinensis), 8g of xuyên khung (lugusticum chuanxiong hort), 12g of phục linh (poria cocos), 12g of Ä‘ẳng sâm (codonopsis pilosula), 16g of hoàng kỳ (astragalus membranaceus) and 12g of bạch thược (white paeony) slowly in a pot (3 bowls of water to get one bowl) and drink.

Remedy 4: Mix 25g of nhân sâm tán bá»™t (powdered ginseng) and 50g of tử hà sa tán bá»™t (powdered placenta hominis) with some honey. Eat 3-5g twice a day, in the morning and at lunch time.

Remedy 5: Boil 15g of Ä‘ẳng sâm (codonopsis root), 9g of mạch môn (ophiopogon), 5g of ngũ vị tử (schizandra chinensis baill), 15g of hoàng kỳ (astragalus membranaceus), 2-4g of nhục quế (cortex cinnamomi), 9g of trích cam thảo (licorice extract), 30g of phù tiểu mạch (light wheat) and five jujubes together (3 bowls of water to 1 bowl). Drink half the mixture twice a day.

Remedy 6: Boil one ginger node slowly with one glass of water in a pot till one third of the liquid remains before breaking one fresh chicken egg into the broth and stirring while boiling two more minutes. Then eat it while it is still hot. Eat it once a day for five consecutive days.

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