Vietnam can expect rapid growth in its already fast-expanding logistics industry, buoyed by an anticipated imports-exports boom from new multilateral trade pacts and a surge in domestic retail and e-commerce spending.
Its logistics sector may grow 20-24 percent this year, with 70 percent of 1,300 firms expected to rake in profits, according to industry data. That expected growth comes on the heels of a free-trade agreement with the European Union and the U.S.-led Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which is fuelling record foreign investment into factories.
Two weeks after the October conclusion of the TPP, a 12-nation bloc covering 40 percent of the global economy, logistics equities soared in Vietnam. Shares of shipping firms Gemadept Corp gained 28 percent, and Viconship was up 20 percent. Surging trade will be a boon for shipping, rail freight and haulage firms, which are already benefiting from Vietnam's booming e-commerce. Container volumes in and out of the country have increased about 36 percent since 2011, including some 1,700 containers a day to the United States.
DHL Express, the first international logistics company to set up shop in Vietnam, says the country is one of its fastest growing markets in the Asia-Pacific. That is helped by e-commerce and increased output of electronics, mainly smartphones and televisions, for brands like Samsung, LG, Intel, Panasonic, Toshiba and Sony, which represent major opportunities for the logistics market in Vietnam, said a spokesperson for package delivery giant UPS.
Domestic outfits will have a lot to do to step up, however, with supply chains notably weak and logistics costs equivalent to a fifth of GDP, higher than the global average. They also face competition from foreign players, which dominate the sector.
"Local firms have to invest more in facilities and human capital to raise their capacity," said Do Xuan Quang, vice president of the Association of Vietnam Logistics. "Otherwise they cannot compete with foreign players."